spatial relation to image, tracking object on and off screen. Offscreen space is space in the diegesis that is not physically present in the frame. Opposite to diegetic sound, frontality or 100%, when the characters are directly facing the camera. The viewer becomes aware of the outside of the frame and the limits of representability through either a character’s response to a character, thing, or event offscreen, or offscreen sound. Spatial relation of sound to image has been often used in combination:

  • silent onscreen – sound is absent in the frame
  • diegetic onscreen sound – sound comes from sources we see on screen – dialogs & object sounds
  • diegetic offscreen sound – sound comes from sources we do not see on screen in a shot – out-of-frame context
  • diegetic internal sound – we hear sounds from the character – internal monologue or self-converse
  • non-diegetic sound – sound comes from outside the world of the TV show or film – commentary or nonliteral sound, musical score

Film & TV & Radio Glossary,

project OFF 2014