HIP

Hip or coxa in medical terminology refers to either an anatomical region or a joint. Pelvic inclination angle, which is the single most important element of human body posture, is mostly adjusted at the hips.The hip region is located lateral and anterior to the gluteal region i.e the buttock, inferior to the iliac crest, and overlying the greater trochanter of the femur, or thigh bone. In adults, three of the bones of the pelvis have fused into the hip bone or acetabulum which forms part of the hip region.
The hip joint, scientifically referred to as the acetabulofemoral joint, is the joint between the femur and acetabulum of the pelvis and its primary function is to support the weight of the body in both static and dynamic  postures. The hip joints are the most important part in retaining balance

History of Women’s Hooped Petticoats: 1500-1900 – Yvette Mahé        

Hoop Skirt 19th Metropolitan Museum of Art Gallery Collection, History of Women’s Hooped Petticoats, pannier clothing dating from the 18th century