• The UK left the EU after 47 years of membership on 31 January 2020 at 23.00 GMT, but remains under its trading rules until 31 December 2020
  • The EU and UK have reached a post-Brexit trade deal, ending months of disagreements – 24 December 2020
  • The free movement of people between the UK and EU countries has ended – and has been replaced in the UK by a points-based immigration system
  • Anyone from the UK who wants to stay in the EU countries for more than 90 days in any 180-day period now needs a visa
  • The UK have taken back control of money, borders, trade and fishing waters
  • The European Court of Justice no longer have general jurisdiction over the UK in relation to any acts that take place on or after 1 January 2021

The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum, the European referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom  and Gibraltar to ask the electorate if the country should remain a member of, or leave the European Union (EU), under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000. The referendum resulted in 51.9% of votes being in favour of leaving the EU  – 17,410,742 votes

The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government that was developed in England, which is now a constituent country within the United Kingdom. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the British Parliament. On election day, voters receive a ballot paper with a list of candidates. As only one MP will represent the area, each party only stands one candidate to choose from

The British Overseas Territories – BOTs, also known as United Kingdom Overseas Territories UKOTs, are fourteen territories all with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom. Britain has 14 Overseas Territories which are fully autonomous while remaining under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the UK. As well as Gibraltar and the Falklands, they also include Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, the British Virgin Islands and Montserrat. The 14 overseas territories, which include the renowned tax-havens the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands, to be able to negotiate devolution arrangements similar to that enjoyed by all four countries within the UK. With no permanent inhabitants, will change much in the British Antarctic Territory, South Georgia & Sandwich Islands

ref: various, Encyclopædia Britannica