• The UK left the EU after 47 years of membership on 31 January 2020 at 23.00. An exit deal has been agreed between the UK and the EU
  • There will then be a transition stage until 31 December 2020 while the EU and UK negotiate additional arrangements


The United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, also known as the EU referendum, the European referendum and the Brexit referendum, took place on 23 June 2016 in the United Kingdom  and Gibraltar to ask the electorate if the country should remain a member of, or leave the European Union (EU), under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 and also the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000. The referendum resulted in 51.9% of votes being in favour of leaving the EU  – 17,410,742 votes.  Gibraltar is not part of the UK but, as a British Overseas Territory, participated in the referendum and will, by default, cease to be a part of the EU upon the UK’s withdrawal

First Past the Post is the name for the electoral system used to elect Members of Parliament MPs to Westminster. The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government that was developed in England, which is now a constituent country within the United Kingdom. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster, the seat of the British Parliament. On election day, voters receive a ballot paper with a list of candidates. As only one MP will represent the area, each party only stands one candidate to choose from

wikipedia, Collins 1975, the electoral commision, UK election 2019